Medicine

Google Doodle honours Nobel Prize victor Har Gobind Khorana

Google Doodle honours Nobel Prize victor Har Gobind Khorana

Nobel Prize victor Har Gobind Khorana, an Indian-American biochemist who was credited with discovery of essential function of the DNA and construction of the first synthetic gene, was honored by Google in form of a doodle on Tuesday.

Khorana won the "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine" in 1968 along with colleagues Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley.

Born in 1922 in Raipur, now in Pakistan, Khorana, from an early age, was passionate about science which grew stronger with time as scholarships propelled the budding scientist through his scholastic journey. He lived in India until 1945 when he was awarded a Government of India Fellowship. He then moved to United Kingdom for a Ph.D. The DNA research which awarded him the Nobel Prize, he began at the University of Columbia.

In 1960, Khorana moved to the Institute for Enzyme Research at the University of Wisconsin.

"Together, they discovered that the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built". Proteins are responsible for basic form and functions.




One sequence of three nucleotides in DNA corresponds to a certain amino acid within a protein.

The doodle on the home page of Google shows the sketch of Dr Khorana on the right side and the logo in its colours modified to depict the RNA chains. Khorana also became an expert on the chemical synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids. Dr. Khorana was also elected as Foreign Member of the Royal Society in 1978.

While Khorana was known as a modest and down to earth man despite his accomplishments, he also used to say, "I only work on big problems".

Khorana passed away on November 9, 2011 of natural causes.


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