Medicine

STD Cases Just Reached a Record High in California

STD Cases Just Reached a Record High in California

Reported cases of sexually transmitted diseases reached a new high in California in 2017, health officials announced on Monday. The state health agency reminds Californians that chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory disease and lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain if they go untreated. This number is up from previous year when Kern County had 6,344 reported cases.

Those most commonly affected by chlamydia and gonorrhea are under 30 years old. Young women made up the majority of chlamydia cases; men accounted for the majority of syphilis and gonorrhea cases. Chlamydia rates among girls and women were 60 percent higher than boys and men.

Klausner placed much of the blame for the overall STD spike on what he called the "decimation" of public health infrastructure since the 2008 financial crisis.

Another concerning number from the state health agency is that 30 stillbirths occurred in California due to syphilis.

Different stages of syphilis (primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary) have different symptoms, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states.




"STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics", said CDPH Director Dr. Karen Smith in a statement. Syphilis can result in blindness, hearing loss and neurologic problems. In total, there were 75,560 cases in 2017, representing a 16 percent increase from the year before, making the rate 190.5 cases per 100,000 Californians. Early detection and treatment can interrupt the steady climb of STD rates.

Idaho health officials said one of the reasons for a sharp increase in STD rates could be that some dating apps can "facilitate anonymous sexual encounters, making partner notification, testing, and treatment for those with or exposed to STDs complicated and inadequate to reduce the spread of the disease".

Sexually active people of the Northwest: Get tested. Cases in women rose by 50% from 2016 to 2017, affecting individuals in nearly every area of the county.

Officials are also increasing efforts to follow up on cases, especially those involving pregnant women with syphilis, she said.

As a result of the report, CDPH says it will collaborate with local health departments and organizations statewide to raise awareness.