Medicine

Dr. Virginia Apgar on Google Doodle

Dr. Virginia Apgar on Google Doodle

She joined Columbia University as its first full-time woman professor in 1949 and was the first woman to head a division at New York's Presbyterian Hospital.

The US infant mortality rate between the 1930s and 1950s decreased despite the number of infant deaths within the first 24 hours after birth remaining constant. Dr Virginia is the only inventor of the "Apgar score" that is made for newborn babies in order to assess their health immediately. In her later years, she worked for March of Dimes, a non-profit founded by President Franklin Roosevelt that initially targeted polio but went on to focus on the prevention of birth defects. Her interests moved to obstetrical anesthesia-and that's when she came up with the Apgar scale.

Virginia Apgar and this very important contribution to the medical world. On her 109th birth anniversary, search giant Google has honoured her with a Doodle. Instead she became an anesthesiologist, eventually becoming director of Columbia University's department of anesthesia. Her father, Charles Apgar, an amateur radio operator who was known for making the earliest surviving recordings of a radio signal, was inducted in 2010.

Dr. Apgar, born in 1909, came up with the system in 1952 and it has been used in almost every hospital since. It looks at 5 factors that begin with each letter of Apgar's name such as appearance, pulse, grimace, activity and respiration.

"Five points-heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex response, and color-are observed and given 0, 1, or 2 points".




Apgar graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in the United States with flying colours. The test is done under 60 seconds and five minutes after birth whether the newborn needs any additional help to sustain life. 2 being the best and 0 being "in distress".

The doctor travelled widely and gave lectures across the US.

She died on 7 August, 1974 because of a liver failure, a disease also called as cirrhosis.

The doctor was given three honorary doctorates during her career rom the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania, Mount Holyoke College and the New Jersey College of Medicine and Dentistry.

Dr. Apgar became interested in the field of medicine after several of her family members developed serious health problem.


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